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Proteins are large molecules that are made of amino acids.
The human body is made up of cells.
Each cell has thousands of proteins.
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.
20 amino acids
Alanine, Arginine, Asparagine, Aspartic Acid, Cysteine, Glutamic Acid, Glutamine, Glycine, Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Proline, Serine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, and Valine.
Amino acids consist of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sometimes sulfur.
Amino acids synthesize proteins and other important compounds such as creatinine, peptide hormones, and some neurotransmitters.
Some proteins such as hormones act as a messenger
Most of our body’s hormones are proteins.
Examples include Glucagon, Insulin, Human Growth Hormone, Antidiuretic hormone, and Adrenocorticotropic hormone.
Some proteins provide stiffness to cells and tissues
Examples include Keratin, Collagen, and Elastin.
Protein helps in maintaining the pH
Protein maintains fluid balance.
Example Albumin and Globulin
Immunoglobulins or antibodies are proteins that help to fight infection.
Proteins such as hemoglobin that carries oxygen from the lungs to body tissues.
Glucose transporters (GLUT)
Proteins also help in storing nutrients. For example Ferritin
Proteins provide energy to your body.
Low intake of protein in your diet.
Recommendable amount of protein between 10 to 35% of daily calories in adults and 10 to 30% in children.
Protein deficiency can also result from
Later stages of cancer
Unable to absorb nutrients in conditions of Irritable bowel syndrome and gastric bypass surgery.
Symptoms caused by protein deficiency include
Weak muscle tone
Loss of muscle mass
Stunted growth in children.
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