Forestry | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forestry

00:01:32 1 History
00:01:41 1.1 Background
00:03:49 1.2 Early modern forestry development
00:06:50 1.3 Forest conservation and early globalization
00:07:55 1.4 Mechanization
00:08:55 1.5 Early journals which are still present
00:10:07 2 Forestry in the 21st century
00:12:21 3 Foresters
00:13:46 4 Forestry plans
00:16:14 5 Forestry as a science
00:16:57 6 Genetic diversity in forestry
00:18:28 7 Education
00:18:36 7.1 History of forestry education
00:19:55 7.2 Forestry education today
00:21:22 7.3 Miscellaneous about Forestry research and education

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Speaking Rate: 0.9624362316439151
Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B

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– Socrates

SUMMARY

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The science of forestry has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences.Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, in what is known as multiple-use management, including the provision of timber, fuel wood, wildlife habitat, natural water quality management, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, aesthetically appealing landscapes, biodiversity management, watershed management, erosion control, and preserving forests as “sinks” for atmospheric carbon dioxide. A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester. Other common terms are: a verderer, or a silviculturalist. Silviculture is narrower than forestry, being concerned only with forest plants, but is often used synonymously with forestry.
Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere, and forestry has emerged as a vital applied science, craft, and technology.
Forestry is an important economic segment in various industrial countries. For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area, wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and about €181 billion of value to the German economy each year.

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