AIDS | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
AIDS

00:03:00 1 Signs and symptoms
00:03:17 1.1 Acute infection
00:04:43 1.2 Clinical latency
00:06:14 1.3 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
00:08:29 2 Transmission
00:09:12 2.1 Sexual
00:12:44 2.2 Body fluids
00:15:20 2.3 Mother-to-child
00:17:03 3 Virology
00:19:47 4 Pathophysiology
00:23:14 5 Diagnosis
00:23:59 5.1 HIV testing
00:25:19 5.2 Classifications
00:28:35 6 Prevention
00:28:44 6.1 Sexual contact
00:31:08 6.2 Pre-exposure
00:32:24 6.3 Post-exposure
00:33:31 6.4 Mother-to-child
00:34:28 6.5 Vaccination
00:35:02 7 Treatment
00:35:34 7.1 Antiviral therapy
00:39:01 7.2 Opportunistic infections
00:40:36 7.3 Diet
00:41:59 7.4 Alternative medicine
00:42:31 8 Prognosis
00:45:11 9 Epidemiology
00:48:10 10 History
00:48:18 10.1 Discovery
00:51:04 10.2 Origins
00:55:49 11 Society and culture
00:55:59 11.1 Stigma
00:58:19 11.2 Economic impact
01:00:27 11.3 Religion and AIDS
01:01:34 11.4 Media portrayal
01:03:47 11.5 Criminal transmission
01:04:18 11.6 Misconceptions
01:06:06 12 Research

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– Socrates

SUMMARY

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Following initial infection, a person may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of developing common infections such as tuberculosis, as well as other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely affect people who have working immune systems. These late symptoms of infection are referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This stage is often also associated with unintended weight loss.HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Some bodily fluids, such as saliva and tears, do not transmit HIV. Methods of prevention include safe sex, needle exchange programs, treating those who are infected, and male circumcision. Disease in a baby can often be prevented by giving both the mother and child antiretroviral medication. There is no cure or vaccine; however, antiretroviral treatment can slow the course of the disease and may lead to a near-normal life expectancy. Treatment is recommended as soon as the diagnosis is made. Without treatment, the average survival time after infection is 11 years.In 2016, about 36.7 million people were living with HIV and it resulted in 1 million deaths. There were 300,000 fewer new HIV cases in 2016 than in 2015. Most of those infected live in sub-Saharan Africa. From the time AIDS was identified in the early 1980s to 2017, the disease has caused an estimated 35 million deaths worldwide. HIV/AIDS is considered a pandemic—a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading. HIV originated in west-central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century. AIDS was first recognized by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause—HIV infection—was identified in the early part of the decade.HIV/AIDS has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination. The disease also has large economic impacts. There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. The disease has become subject to many controversies involving religion including the Catholic Church’s position not to support condom use as prevention. It has attracted international medical and political attention as well as large-scale funding since it was identified in the 1980s.

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